Identity formation of the modern teenager in terms of social and cultural changes: gender aspect
In this article, we researched theoretical aspects of the formation of a teenage personality and gender identity. We considered the scientific standpoints of contemporary scientists on the psychological regularities and features of shaping an adolescent personality. We discovered that during adolescence some significant changes take place, which are related to the development of a new level of self-consciousness. In the article, we analyzed theoretical approaches that focus on the age peculiarities and preconditions of personality formation of the contemporary teenager. In scientific research and psychological concepts, the adolescence is defined as «transitional», «critical», «crisis», «complicated»; that is often associated with physiological and psychological changes in the personal development of the teenager. We also exposed the essence of some psychological concepts, such as the sense of adulthood, social situation of development, development of consciousness, internal position, gender identity and personal growth; they form the basis of personal development of the adolescent. We described adolescence as the important step of the personal formation, that is characterized by the presence of contradictory tendencies of social and personal development of the individual. We distinguished the possibilities for the further scientific studies, providing modeling and testing of the psychological guiding program for teenagers during their personality development.