A concept «gender» and genderni theories is in the light of philosophical diskurs
The issue of sex falls within the field of philosophical problematics since the ancient times, taking its inherent forms of discussions every epoch and enlightening this or that aspect. Every epoch approached the subject in its own way, gradually deleting it from its research field. Only in the end of the 20th century, when changes in the social structure and political life took place, established stereotypes peculiar for the previous century collapsed and moved the issue to the level of theoretical study. Gender theory became one of the directions that study the issue of sex, namely the attitude and status of a woman and man, their social life and acquired life experience, realization of their social and role characteristics and peculiarities, having started gender research. Gender is something into what society turns physical, anatomical and psychological differences between people. The notion of male and female behavior, masculine and feminine manners, actions, speech are carried by gender constructs, whereas they embody social expectations towards the characteristics of «a real man» and «a real woman». These are not biological facts, they are culturally specific believes that organize social practice one way but not another. Gender methodology is a cross-disciplinary methodology. It includes philosophy, sociology, psychoanalysis, literary studies. Consideration of many problems connected with gender issues remains urgent. Nowadays in Ukraine there is a tendency to deepen the research of gender topic. Forming of the gender approach did not accidentally coincide with a wide-ranged discussion of the philosophical issue of correlation between the biological and social nature of a human. The issue of gender identification, defining the role of the social and cultural, on the one hand, and of the biological, on the other hand, became the focus of discussion in the West.