Religious symbolism in H. Skovoroda’s teaching
This article includes the original problems. First, it analyzes the scientific basis of religious and philosophical studies of religious symbolism in the teachings of G. Skovoroda. Second, examines the role, place and importance of religious symbolism in the religious and philosophical teachings of Ukrainian thinker. Thirdly, carried out a systematic description of the main religious symbols that G. Skovoroda uses in its philosophy. Also, this article analyzes the problem of religious symbolism as the main principle of formation of G. Skovoroda’s philosophical and religious teachings. Religious symbolism confirmed in early works and creates all the study of thinker. G. Skovoroda offers a special type of philosophy, a philosophy that is not only intellectually stimulating, but also morally and spiritually enlightening. His philosophical and religious teachings includes images, symbols, similes, Biblical quotations, proverbs, and stories. In this article draws attention on the main religious symbols, aimed at expressing the semantic nature of the basic ideas of the thinker. G. Skovoroda usually states a thought in philosophical concepts as briefly as possible and then restates it and develops it at length by means of various symbols. The article shows that the symbol as a vehicle of philosophical thought has the advantage of bringing color, concreteness, feeling, and life to philosophy. But each symbol can be taken to mean more than one thing, thus making it difficult and sometimes impossible to say categorically what G. Skovoroda means. In this article proved that G. Skovoroda’s religious symbolism is a phenomenon that is created during mental activity and has a unique nature. Also this article includes a systematic analysis holistic understanding of religious symbolism, its role, place and significance in the context of the knowledge of the human being and outlook of G. Skovoroda. The author emphasizes that the religious symbolism has a special place in many ways in the religious and philosophical teachings of Ukrainian thinker.