Senior high school students interethnic tolerance treining in european and native experiences
The article is devoted the analyses of European Union experience in a senior high school students interethnic tolerance training. The article deals with UNESCO recommendations and European psychologists researches in a field of their using in Ukrainian school setting reality. Professional institutions recommendations are described, which concern the models formation of interethnic tolerance teaching of students. They suggest concentrating efforts in the educational process on the fact that first of all, the interethnic tolerance, as well as other kind of tolerance, is a component part of human rights and these ones should be respected by people of different ethnic origin and different ethnic natives. Seven basic principles are analyzed; that should be basic in the structure of teaching tolerance formation; the tolerance explanation and its influence on development of society, groups, individuals; the familiarization with existing ethno-cultural and historical traditions that are different from their own ones, at least in the senior pupils’ environment; the reverence for differences; the uniqueness (soleness) phenomena comprehension; the complementarily as a principle of difference; the mutuality as the basis for cooperation efforts; the peace culture (peaceful coexistence between differences). The possibilities of recommendations applications and their role in the formation of the interethnic tolerance sense in the Ukrainian school environment are also revealed. In the recommendations, it is focused on using of those opportunities that naturally contain in subjects and are taught in schools: literature; history; subjects of the social course, by the way, the psychology is included by experts; subjects of the natural-technical course; math; opportunities to teach artistic disciplines. It is focused attention on special created offers of European experts how effectively use the subject potential, actually which aspects have to be focused by students at first.