ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ПСИХОДІАГНОСТИКИ ПОВЕДІНКОВИХ РОЗЛАДІВ ДОШКІЛЬНИКІВ З ПОРУШЕННЯМ ІНТЕЛЕКТУАЛЬНОГО РОЗВИТКУ

Keywords: behavioral disorders, children of preschool age with intellectual disabilities, aggressive behavior, biological and psycho-socio-pedagogical approach

Abstract

The research of behavioral disorders of preschool children with intellectual disabilities is an integral part of the psychological support of children, and the diagnostic data obtained are the basis for further effective psycho-corrective work. Therefore, it is necessary to create an integrated and thorough approach for the diagnosis of behavioral disorders of older preschool children with intellectual disabilities. Approach to behavioral disorders only as a nosological unit significantly restricts the process of psychological assistance to children with intellectual disabilities. Therefore, it is important to search for new approaches to the perception of the essence and characteristics of behavioral disorders. The article covers the understanding of behavioral disorders in terms of psychological and pedagogical approach. Contemporary studies of behavioral disorders of preschool children with intellectual disabilities indicate that aggressive behavior is the most destructive and widespread manifestation of behavioral disorders among children. The article analyzes aggressive behavior of children of preschool age with a violation of intellectual development as one of types of behavioral disorders. The main criteria for diagnosing aggressive behavior are identified: the level of self-control, the type of control locus, the level of discipline, personality traits, features of the emotional sphere and the relationship between preschooler and others. Each criterion chosen diagnostic techniques are adapted to the peculiarities of children with intellectual disabilities. In particular, the research used projective techniques («Cactus», Rene Gill’s technique), expert evaluation (questionnaires of educators, correctional teachers, psychologists and parents of children), test methods («Chain of Action», «Once»), observation and collection of anamnesis. The results of diagnostics of the experimental and control group of the studied children of preschool age with violation of intellectual development according to each criterion are presented. Based on the obtained data, the levels of aggressive behavior in children of the senior preschool age with intellectual disabilities are determined. The characteristics of children with intellectual disabilities with high, moderate and low levels of aggressive behavior are given.

Author Biography

Sofia Berezka, SHEI «Donbas State Pedagogical University»

Assistant Lecturer of the Department of Practical Psychology

References

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Published
2019-11-14
How to Cite
Berezka, S. (2019). ОСОБЛИВОСТІ ПСИХОДІАГНОСТИКИ ПОВЕДІНКОВИХ РОЗЛАДІВ ДОШКІЛЬНИКІВ З ПОРУШЕННЯМ ІНТЕЛЕКТУАЛЬНОГО РОЗВИТКУ. HUMANITARIUM, 42(1), 7-16. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/250
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Articles