ВИЗНАЧЕННЯ ОСТРАКІЗМУ В СИСТЕМІ НАУКОВИХ ПОНЯТЬ
The article is devoted to the peculiarities of the concept of ostracism as a kind of social isolation. In the research it is determined that the group, which is subject to ostracism, becomes more cohesive, but social exclusion is one of the causes of acts of violence, inhuman and violent behavior, causing a destructive formation of social motives of self-expression. The author made observation that the awareness of the person of the act of rejection of it by others becomes the reason for the emergence of motives: an increased desire for social ties – socially-oriented motives; angry, asocial motives – anger, action according to aggressive intentions; avoiding re-exclusion – leaving social contacts. In the study it was made an attempt to analyze the individual and situational factors that affect the peculiarities of the individual’s reactions, as well as the psychological characteristics of people experiencing a situation of social inertia. The author has determined that a person who is subject to ostracism will have a number of psychological reactions, such as: disgust, high tension, emotional exhaustion, depression, loss of life satisfaction, emptiness. In the article the author highlighted the features of the reflexive reactions and responses of the individual to the ostracism, the role of social status, self-assessment of the individual, social support in situations of experience of the personality of the phenomenon of displacement. The effect of this phenomenon remains unchanged over time, and the formed reactions will depend and can be corrected by means of individual or situational factors, which are: level of personal and situational anxiety of the individual, support of reference persons, availability of social support in various spheres of life (emotional, informational, economic support). This study has shown that the experience of the situation will depend on the social position of the source of rejection and social status of the individual. A further consideration of this problem is seen in a more detailed study of common and distinctive features, the main criteria by individuals for the threat of belonging, the alleged devaluation and the denial of relationships, as well as the study of factors that affect the amount of time to overcome personal rejection.
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