ФОРМУВАННЯ ПСИХОЛОГІЧНОЇ ГОТОВНОСТІ СТУДЕНТІВ ДО МАЙБУТНЬОЇ ПРОФЕСІЙНОЇ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ
The problem of the formation of students’ psychological readiness to future professional activity was considered in the article. It was found, that professional studying is a leading stage for professional becoming of future specialist. A psychological readiness to future professional activity is an important indicator of a becoming of a specialist’s personality. The content, functions and constituents of the concept of students’ psychological readiness for professional activity were considered in the article. The students’ psychological readiness to professional activity is interpreted as their general orientation to professional activity in conditions of life self-realization. The results of the implementation of the program of harmonization of future specialist’ personality becoming were analyzed. This program was implemented at the Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, 185 students of the first, third and fourth year were involved in the formation program. The program of harmonization of students’ professional becoming combines individualization, professionalization and universalization as vectors of its realization. The ascending dynamics of psychological readiness for professional activity was fixed in students of experimental groups. The highest growth rates were found among the students of the third experimental group. These students were studied the course «Psychology of self-knowledge and professional self-realization». The effectiveness of reflexive and projective educational technology as a means of formation of students’ psychological readiness to future professional activity was been confirmed also. It was proved, that the high level of psychological readiness of a graduate to professional activity is not formed spontaneously. A purposeful psychological support for the student’ professionalization is forms his readiness to professional activity. So, effectiveness of external management of the dynamics of students’ psychological readiness to future professional activity is proved.
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