АТРАКЦІЯ ЯК СКЛАДОВА МІЖОСОБИСТІСНОЇ ПЕРЦЕПЦІЇ У ПРОФЕСІЙНІЙ ДІЯЛЬНОСТІ ПСИХОЛОГА
The article deals with the theoretical review of scientific approaches to psychological factors of the interpersonal attraction. In particular, the interpersonal attraction is intended to describe as a structural component of social perception, which characterizes the one-sided or interattraction of participants in the communicative process. It is due to the system of internal and external factors and based on the psychological influence mechanisms. The definition of attraction is revealed within the foreign and domestic conceptual framework of social psychology. The studying concept is presented as a gamut of feelings over the range unconscious attraction to sympathy, love, and manifested as a special social attitude towards the subject of interaction. Scientists differentiate the cognitive component of the emotional relationship to the interaction partner, the motivational component, the value system, patterns of the social perception and such like among structural components of the interpersonal attraction. It has been found that the actual aspects of the psychologists to clients’ interpersonal attraction are the positive emotional attitude, similarity of views on the modern society, cognitive interests, and also readiness for personal changes, individual typological characteristics of communication participants. Main features of the modern attractive psychologist from the standpoint of students and graduates are empirically highlighted. Considering the average indicator, the attractive psychologist must be professionally competent and erudite. Also he should possess such personal qualities as affability, amiability, emotional generosity, empathy, tacticity, unsociable demeanour, tranquility, respectability, honesty, ethicality, communicability, sociability, sense of humor. These are echoed with the foreign experts’ opinions from different fields of applied psychology. Practical experienced psychologists attach great importance to such characteristics as education, erudition, friendliness, goodwill, competence, communication skills, assertiveness, tolerance. Rank values in the samples of graduate psychologists and experienced specialists are most different in such features as image, style, culture of speech, self-discipline, punctuality, tolerance, patience, purposefulness, responsiveness, empathic. The bearers of certain information may be the person’s appearance and behavior, which form the first impression and may repel or attract the interlocutor. However, the long-term relationships are formed on the basis of certain personality traits, their semantic strategies and emotional attitudes, values and psychological attitudes.
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