Phenomenon of creativity: contents, essence, features of development
The article is devoted to the study of the problem of the development of creativity in modern science. The main directions of the study of creativity are considered, the existing scientific approaches to the study of this phenomenon are analyzed. The author presents the interpretation of the essence of creativity as a set of qualitative characteristics of the thought process (divergence and convergence; smoothness, flexibility, originality; breadth of categorization; sensitivity to a problem; abstraction, synthesis, rearrangement of ideas), as well as imagination, fantasy and individual traits personality (dynamism, focus on creative search, creative activity, creative well-being, independence), implemented in a person’s creative activity. The structure is presented and the dual nature of creativity as a personal quality is shown, including indicators of creativity and behavioral forms of its manifestation. Indicators of creativity are highlighted, including such qualities of the thought process as concentration, convergence, smoothness, flexibility, originality, as well as creative imagination, imagination, intellectual initiative, which is manifested in non-standard activity, sensitivity to a problem, and ease in finding a solution. The author considers the most significant behavioral forms of manifestation of a creative personality to be a tendency to take risky actions, to study various possibilities, as well as interest and determination, interest in new and unusual, independence, tolerance for uncertainty, intuitive prediction of results, and improvisation of decisions. Based on the analysis of a wide range of scientific sources, the current state of the problem of the development of creativity is determined, the essence and structure of creativity, the quality of a creative personality, the specifics of the age-related development of creativity are studied. The article is aimed at the scientific development and justification of the need to create a creative educational environment for students with the goal of creating creativity as an integrative personality characteristic. Based on the study, the author shows age-related features of the development of students' creativity, the level of its development and pedagogical tasks in order to accompany this process in educational institutions.
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