Features of professional and creative development of personality at the stage of professional education
The article analyzes the problem of professional development of personality at the stage of professional education. Models of formation of professional activity (adaptive and transformative) are considered. The stages of professional development of personality (conception and formation of professional intentions; professional training and education; active entry into the professional environment; realization of professional aspirations and opportunities of the personality in independent work) are analyzed. The problem of interaction of personal and professional development is considered in the context of the professional development of students. The empirical study of the peculiarities of professional development of the personality of students of technical college allowed us to determine the features of the correspondence of personality types and the sphere of professional activity. It was found that in the sample of students-programmers the dominant personality type is the entrepreneurial type, which is characterized by solving uncertain tasks and responsibility for the performed work; the least represented type is the conventional type, which prefers structured activities, working according to instructions, certain algorithms, and has a stereotypical approach to problems. It is empirically determined that the need for security is the most pronounced in the sample and the need for self-affirmation is the least pronounced; the need for security is dominant in all personality types (except conventional). The study of creative abilities of students-programmers showed: 1) the indicator of originality as the main indicator of creativity is within the norm in all subgroups of students, but the lowest originality is found in the subgroup of the conventional type; 2) the indicator of elaboration is the highest in the artistic type of personality, the lowest level of elaboration (at the level below the norm) is found in the intellectual type; 3) high productivity and the lowest flexibility were demonstrated by representatives of the social type. Conclusions about the correspondence of personality types and professional and creative features of students-programmers are made.
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