Formation of professional stress resistance of future heads of educational institutions at the stage of master's training
The article deals with the problem of professional stress resistance of future principals at the stage of master’s training. The results of studying the level of professional resistance of future principals using the Jenkinson technique for determining stress susceptibility and the SACS-strategy questionnaire and coping behavior model are presented. The state of development of the identified problem in the psychological and pedagogical science and practice of higher education institutions is analyzed. The essence of stress resistance is revealed, opportunities for preventing professional stress, the resources of stress resistance formation and ways to increase the level of stress resistance at the stage of Master’s training are identified and analyzed. The complex program of increasing the level of professional stress resistance of future principals which is aimed, first of all, at eliminating potential sources of stress in their inner world, which includes: formation of skills of productive interaction and skills of constructive conflict resolution, constructive difficulties; teaching methods of analysis, interpretation and realistic assessment of stressful situations, mastering constructive coping strategies; formulation of stress protection strategies; teaching self-regulation methods and techniques; formation of sanogenic thinking is justified, developed and implemented. The main ways of realization of the complex program are: educational activity (lecture-educational work, practical classes, performance of creative work (individual educational-research task), independent and research work of undergraduates, functioning of student problem group, individual-advisory work tasks during management practice, training practice. The role of psychological and pedagogical disciplines and, in particular, of the course “Occupational health of the teacher”, developed by the author and psychological and pedagogical training in the formation of professional stress resistance of future educational institutions principals is identified. The matters require amplification are defined. They are substantiation and implementation of antistress sanogenic psychotechnologies, technologies of the resilience formation among educational institutions principals in the system of postgraduate pedagogical education.
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