Activity of the ideological department and ideological commission of CC of CPSU at the end of the 1980-th

  • Lesya Kotsur PhD in Historical Sciences, head lecturer of the State Higher Educational Institution «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyі Hryhoriі Skovoroda State Pedagogical University».
Keywords: ideology, ideological department, ideological commission, reorganization, party figures, ideological personnel, science, culture, society.

Abstract

The main aspects of the work of the ideological department and the ideological commission of the Central Committee of the CPSU in the late 80's of the 20th century, which consisted in explaining to the Soviet society the basic ideas of perestroika, which was started by Gorbachev, were considered. The official documents on the pages of the «Izvestia of the Central Committee of the CPSU» indicate that in order to achieve this goal, ideological personnel were tasked with developing new forms and methods of ideological activity during the period of perestroika. Particular attention is paid to the humanitarian direction of the work of ideological personnel in the scientific, cultural, informational, military and international spheres. So, it was planned to prepare some scientists, which could explain reconstruction processes to society and connect that processes to communistic ideas. In cultural and informational spheres new forms of communication between government and society were developed. In particular, public-political discussions among the general public, both in the press and during the public gatherings in the houses of political enlightenment, became popular. Because of fears that publicity will negatively affect the patriotic mood of the population, ideologues were drawn to the development of new forms and methods of military patriotic education. The policy in the field of interethnic relations was intended to enhance the exchange of scientific and ideological personnel between the republics in order to strengthen interethnic relations. At the same time, the linguistic policy of the Soviet leadership, aimed at strengthening the Russian language, aroused growing dissatisfaction with the union republics, which sought to strengthen the status of national languages. As a result, a new ideological policy, which was implemented in the conditions of democratization of socio-political life, greatly influenced the weakening of the ideological structures of the USSR and revealed the shortcomings of their activity during the period of perestroika. In particular, the policy of publicity and the opening of borders only increased the dissent, which ideological structures could not stop. In the ideological sector, in general, significant gaps in the organization of work began to emerge, in particular, the disorientation of ideologues in the context of the new political course. Old ideological personnel were hard adapted to new demands, so they could not effectively propagate new ideas. The economic crisis in the alliance, which intensified national democratic movements and the process of national self-determination and self-identification, further aggravated internal political crisis.

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Published
2018-03-15
How to Cite
Kotsur, L. (2018). Activity of the ideological department and ideological commission of CC of CPSU at the end of the 1980-th. HUMANITARIUM, 40(3), 98-106. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/444
Section
Philosophy