Religion in the context of global social and political processes: philosophical and anthropological analysis
These article clarifies that the structure of religion consists of three elements: religious consciousness, religious activity (cult), religious organizations. In turn, religious doctrine consists of theology (the theory of God); cosmology (theories of the world); religious anthropology (the theory of man). The article states that religion is part of the culture of a person who lives on earth, and therefore all attempts to fight against religion invariably ended in failure. In the recent past, our country believed that religion has no place within the social system. In this regard, problem of the relationship between politics and religion did not form the subject of scientific analysis, but now the situation has changed.
It is determined that the Christian doctrine is geocentric and anthropocentric at the same time. In his center are God and Man, their relationships and cooperation. Love to God and neighbor is recognized by Christianity as equivalent. According to the Christian doctrine, Man is a special part of creation, endowed with qualities that no other being has. According to these qualities, it also assigned the role of God's collaborator on earth for the perfection of his creation.
The analysis of some examples of coexistence of religious traditions in state, international politics and power factors in spiritual life proves that religion and politics have a profound history; covers the whole set of countries and states; openly or implicitly affects all spheres of human life; functions independently of geographical, religious, confessional affiliation or political regime, organization, form of government.
The article clarifies that the structure of religion consists of three elements: religious consciousness, religious activity (cult), religious organizations. In turn, the religious doctrine consists of theology (the theory of God); cosmology (theories of the world); religious anthropology (the theory of man). It is shown that for the state practical significance is not directly related to religion, but the moral element of society generated by it, without which the state can`t exist and perform its functions. It is determined that the state's need in ethics leads it to the need to respect religion, but because religion is impossible without a church, then from here - the state is forced to appreciate the church's existence equally.
It is investigated that religion can perform class, ethical, educational, organizational- political, intellectual and cognitive and other functions, that the state's relation to the church is one of the most complex and sensitive issues of politics. It is argued that the church can determine its role only in the case when it is not the object of political manifestations and the tool for achieving political goals.
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