Social morality is the goal of sociocultural formation in the existential philosophy of Karl Jaspers

  • Lesya Levchenko Ph.D in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of Philosophy Department SHEI «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University». https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9919-9018
Keywords: morality, morality, responsibility, culpability, culture, formation, communication.

Abstract

The spiritual revival in Ukraine highlights the need to study the problem of self-awareness of the ethnic group and the self-affirmation of the nation on the background of its historical origins, shrines, religious and moral traditions. There is a peculiar range of problems that existentialists have been considering: absurdity, freedom, choice, responsibility, despair, alienation, death, fear, the complexity of human relations and the relation of man to the world, loneliness.

The purpose of the article is to examine the ethical position of Jaspers, aimed at the theoretical substantiation of the essence of a person's personal responsibility for any events that were, have, or will have a negative impact on social morality.

Post-publication of the book «The Question of Guilt; to the political responsibility of Germany» (1946), the German philosopher Karl Jaspers, one of the prominent representatives of the philosophy of German existentialism, was the beginning of publications of philosophical works of other European thinkers, whose theoretical interest was focused on the topic of deepening the social significance of philosophical knowledge in post-war Europe.

The German thinker suggests to see a factor that can result in reconciliation of beaten and winners the general moral cleaning of all people that were attracted wars. According to the philosopher, such purification should take place due to the necessary awareness of any European personal moral guilt, which can not be brought to criminal and political responsibility. On the deep conviction of the philosopher, all this will be able to direct the reconciling European nations on that historic path, which will lead to the revival, consolidation and rooting in the society of all spectra of social and political freedom.

In the analysis of the philosophical work of K. Jaspers «The Question of Guilt», the essence of a person’s personal responsibility for any social and political actions that take place in the space of his social environment is considered. According to Jaspers' philosophical convictions, a person’s personal responsibility should influence the beginning of the sociocultural formation, the result of which is the assertion of social morality.

References

Yaspers, 1999 – Yaspers Karl. Vopros o vynovnosty: o polytycheskoi otvetstvennosty Hermanyy / [Per. s nem. S. Apta]. Moskva : Yzdatelskaia hruppa «Prohress», 1999. 146 р.
Yaspers, 1999 – Yaspers Karl. Posleslovye 1963 hoda k moei state «Vopros o vynovnosty» // Vopros o vynovnosty: o polytycheskoi otvetstvennosty Hermanyy / [Per. s nem. S. Apta]. Moskva : Yzdatelskaia hruppa «Prohress», 1999. S. 106-111.
Yaspers, 1994 – Yaspers Karl. Fylosofskaia vera // Smыsl y naznachenye ystoryy. [Per. s nem.
M.Y. Levynoi]. Moskva : «Respublyka», 1994. S. 420-508.
Rod, 2010 – Rod Volfgang. Shliakh filosofii: XIX – XX stolittia / [Per. z nim. M.D. Kultaievoi, V.I. Kebuladze, V.M. Terletskoho]. Kyiv : Dukh i litera, 2010. 368 с.
Published
2019-04-26
How to Cite
Levchenko, L. (2019). Social morality is the goal of sociocultural formation in the existential philosophy of Karl Jaspers. HUMANITARIUM, 41(3), 93-99. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/463
Section
Philosophy