The problem of assimilation of national minorities in the USSR (1945-1985): modern foreign scientific discourse
The article dealswith the scientific discourse of foreign researchers concerning Soviet national policy in the Ukrainian SSR during 1945-1985. The main measures of the Soviet government aimed at assimilation of national minorities, in particular repression of deportation, Russification etc. are covered. The views of foreign scientists on the policy of deportation of individual communities and their consequences are revealed. The peculiarities of the foreign scientific historical and political discourse of the problem are determined. It is established which ethnic communities most attention was paid to Western scholars. Having analyzed existing scientific literature, foreign researchers tried to establish the basic laws of the Soviet national policy, as well as determine its key goal. Obviously, they tried to determine the influence of Soviet power on national minorities, to determine their essence and to comprehensively reveal the tendencies of assimilation of ethnic communities in the Ukrainian SSR. It is highlighted the issue of Russification in Ukraine as part of the Soviet national policy.
Foreign researchers have assured that Russification of ethnic communities has become one of the most effective means of assimilation. Their views on the formation of a new identity, the «Soviet people», are revealed as a result of assimilation policy. The main reasons and consequences of the deportations of ethnic communities from the territory of the Ukrainian SSR, in particular Ukrainians, Crimean Tatars, and Germans are revealed. The discourse of foreign researchers about the biased attitude of Soviet power towards certain communities is highlighted. The peculiarities of the attitude of representatives of various ethnic groups in the armed forces of the USSR, as well as their prospects in the military service are revealed. On the basis of a detailed study of the scientific work of foreign researchers, the role of the ethnic factor in recruiting the personnel of security forces of the Soviet Union was determined. By expanding the peculiarities of the national policy of Soviet power in the Ukrainian SSR, foreign scholars paid particular attention to the situation of Ukrainians, the problems of repression against them in the post-war period and their Russification, in particular in the south-eastern regions, during the period of «stagnation».
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