Fears as subject of social-philosophical knowledge

  • Vasyl Tovkaylo post-graduate student of the second year of study, specialty 033 «Philosophy» SHEI «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University».
Keywords: person, personality, fear, being, cognition, socium, philosophy, emotion, character, society.

Abstract

The article deals with the conceptual foundations of the study of the phenomenon of fear. In particular, analyzes the approaches of thinkers to the problem of fear in the history of philosophical thought. It is argued that understanding the problem of fear as a mode of existence, organization of human life has long traditions, beginning with the approaches and philosophical dialogues of antiquity. It was discovered that fear in its various senses and manifestations from ancient times was considered as an important determinant factor in the content and direction of life of both an individual and the people as a whole.

The study of fear as a concept of socio-philosophical knowledge, as an integral part of human existence today, is especially relevant. Understanding the essence of the phenomenon of fear in a globalized world lies in the diversity of manifestations and species, it is actualized through a number of factors. Social upheavals, economic, financial and political crises, environmental disasters and various kinds of accidents (accidents, nuclear explosions, etc.), epidemics, terrorist acts, wars, etc. confirm the axiom "there is nothing eternal", and also emphasize the fragility of human being in modern conditions. Theoretical intelligence about the phenomenon of fear was made even in ancient times. To interpret the notion of it thinkers Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus et al. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance period, the exploratory searches are carried out by Augustine the Blessed, Erasmus of Rotterdam, etc., in the philosophy of New Age - G. Hegel, T. Hobbes, P. Holbach, R. Descartes, I. Kant, B. Pascal, B. Spinoza, D. Hume et al. However, almost until the end of the nineteenth century. the problem of fear was not the subject of special studies.

Of certain significance the problem of the phenomenon of fear acquires only in the late XIX - the first floor. Twentieth century In the article the analysis of theoretical and scientific researches around the notion of "fear" is conducted; fear is considered through the prism of socio-philosophical knowledge; An analysis of classifications and levels of fear is given, as well as the influence of emotions on human being is traced.

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Published
2019-04-26
How to Cite
Tovkaylo, V. (2019). Fears as subject of social-philosophical knowledge. HUMANITARIUM, 41(3), 181-190. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/472
Section
Philosophy