Fears as subject of social-philosophical knowledge

  • Vasyl Tovkaylo post-graduate student of the second year of study, specialty 033 «Philosophy» SHEI «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University».
Keywords: person, personality, fear, being, cognition, socium, philosophy, emotion, character, society.


The article deals with the conceptual foundations of the study of the phenomenon of fear. In particular, analyzes the approaches of thinkers to the problem of fear in the history of philosophical thought. It is argued that understanding the problem of fear as a mode of existence, organization of human life has long traditions, beginning with the approaches and philosophical dialogues of antiquity. It was discovered that fear in its various senses and manifestations from ancient times was considered as an important determinant factor in the content and direction of life of both an individual and the people as a whole.

The study of fear as a concept of socio-philosophical knowledge, as an integral part of human existence today, is especially relevant. Understanding the essence of the phenomenon of fear in a globalized world lies in the diversity of manifestations and species, it is actualized through a number of factors. Social upheavals, economic, financial and political crises, environmental disasters and various kinds of accidents (accidents, nuclear explosions, etc.), epidemics, terrorist acts, wars, etc. confirm the axiom "there is nothing eternal", and also emphasize the fragility of human being in modern conditions. Theoretical intelligence about the phenomenon of fear was made even in ancient times. To interpret the notion of it thinkers Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus et al. In the Middle Ages and the Renaissance period, the exploratory searches are carried out by Augustine the Blessed, Erasmus of Rotterdam, etc., in the philosophy of New Age - G. Hegel, T. Hobbes, P. Holbach, R. Descartes, I. Kant, B. Pascal, B. Spinoza, D. Hume et al. However, almost until the end of the nineteenth century. the problem of fear was not the subject of special studies.

Of certain significance the problem of the phenomenon of fear acquires only in the late XIX - the first floor. Twentieth century In the article the analysis of theoretical and scientific researches around the notion of "fear" is conducted; fear is considered through the prism of socio-philosophical knowledge; An analysis of classifications and levels of fear is given, as well as the influence of emotions on human being is traced.


Andrusenko, 1991 - Andrusenko V.A. Sotsyalnыi strakh. Sverdlovsk : Yzd. uralskoho un-ta, 1991. 172 s.
Arapko - Arapko A.S. Strakh odynochestva y strakh slyianyia : Hde balans? URL : http://www.uatur.com/html/interesno/kurp-strax.html (data zvernennia: 23.12.2018).
Bolnov, 1999 - Bolnov O.F. Fylosofyia эkzystentsyalyzma. Spb. : Yzd-vo «Lan», 1999. 224 s.
Volkov, 2000 - Volkov Yu.H. Strakh. // Chelovek : Эntsyklopedycheskyi slovar. – Moskva : Hardaryky, 2000. 520 s.
Vэlens, 1993 - Vэlens A. Zametky o poniatyy strakha v sovremennoi fylosofyy // Fenomen cheloveka : antolohyia. Moskva : Vыsshaia shkola, 1993. 349 s.
Horokhova, 2012 - Horokhova L.V. Strakh yak ekzystentsial buttia suchasnoi liudyny : sotsialno-filosofskyi analiz. Avtoreferat dysertatsii na zdobuttia naukovoho stupenia kandydata filosofskykh nauk. Spetsialnist 09.00.03 – sotsialna filosofiia ta filosofiia istorii. Zhytomyr, 2012. 18 s. URL : http://eprints.zu.edu.ua/6044/1/%28%D0%93%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D1%85%D0%BE%D0%B2%D0%B0%29.pdf (data zvernennia: 15.12.2018).
Yzard - Yzard K. Psykholohyia эmotsyi : Per. s anhl. Spb. : Pyter, 2000. 464 s.
Kurpatov - Kurpatov A. Sredstvo ot strakha. URL : http://www.uatur.com/html/interesno/kurpstrax.html. (data zvernennia : 9.01.2019).
Kukharskyi, 2006 - Kukharskyi S.A. Strakh kak fylosofskaia katehoryia: k voprosu ob эvoliutsyy poniatyia // Visnyk Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu «KhPI». Tematychnyi vypusk «Filosofiia». Kharkiv : NTU KhPI, 2006. №20, S. 118–125.
Kerkehor, 1993 - Kerkehor S. Strakh y trepet. Moskva : Respublyka, 1993. 383 s.
Mamardashvyly, 2000 - Mamardashvyly M.K. Moi opыt netypychen. Moskva, 2000. 400 s.
Matveeva, 2000 - Matveeva S.Ia. Strakhy v Rossyy v proshlom y nastoiashchem. Novosybyrsk : Sybyrskyi khronohraf, 2000. 180 s.
Movchan, 2012 - Movchan M. Fenomen strakhu v suchasnomu sviti. / FILOSOFSKA ANTROPOLOHIIa TA FILOSOFIIa KULTURY. 2012. S. 94–102. URL : http://dspace.pnpu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/1788/1/Movchan.pdf (data zvernennia : 7.01.2019).
Movchan, 2009 - Movchan M.M. Samotnist yak fenomen buttia osobystosti : Monohrafiia. Poltava : RVV PUSKU, 2009. 265 s.
Mэi, 2001 - Mэi R. Problema trevohy. Moskva : Yzd-vo ЭKSMO-Press, 2001. 432 s.
Ryman, 2000 - Ryman F. Osnovnыe formы strakha. Moskva : Aleteia, 2000. 330 s.
Rubynshtein, 2000 - Rubynshtein S.L. Osnovы obshchei psykholohyy. SPb. : Pyter, 2000. 720 s.
Sartr, 2000 - Sartr Zh.-P. Bыtye y nychto. Opыt fenomenolohycheskoi ontolohyy. Moskva, 2000. 639 s.
Filosofskyi entsyklopedychnyi slovnyk, 2002 - Filosofskyi entsyklopedychnyi slovnyk / Bystrytskyi Ye.K. ta in. ; za red. V.I. Shynkaruka. Kyiv : Abrykos, 2002. 742 s.
Khamytov, 2002 - Khamytov N.V. Fylosofyia cheloveka : ot metafyzyky k metaantropolohyy. Kyiv : Nyka-Tsentr, Moskva : Ynstytut obshchehumanytarnыkh yssledovanyi, 2002. 334 s.
Shapar, 2009 - Shapar V.B. Psykholohichnyi tlumachnyi slovnyk naisuchasnishykh terminiv / V.B. Shapar, V.O. Olefyr, A.S. Kufliievskyi, B.I. Furmanets ta in. Kharkiv : Prapor, 2009. 672 s.
Shcherbatыkh, 2000 - Shcherbatыkh Yu.V. Psykholohyia strakha. Moskva : ЭKSMO, 2000. 413 s.
Shcherbatыkh, 2007 - Shcherbatыkh Yu.V. Psykholohyia strakha: populiarnaia эntsyklopedyia. Moskva : Эksmo, 2007. 512 s.
How to Cite
Tovkaylo, V. (2019). Fears as subject of social-philosophical knowledge. HUMANITARIUM, 41(3), 181-190. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/472