The spiritual needs as a factor of personal values orientations formation

  • Natalia Yukhymenko Ph.D in Philosophy, Associate Professor of Philosophy Department, SHEI «Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi Hryhorii Skovoroda State Pedagogical University».
Keywords: personality, society, needs, spiritual needs, values, value system, value orientations, self-realization.

Abstract

The article attempts to investigate the most essential aspects of personal values formation. It is noted that the needs are the immediate conditions that combine a person’s own experience and its personal existence with the universality of mankind’s life experience. It is determined that the self-realization, self-affirmation and social status of an individual depend on the established by society and the individual’s social forces in the structure of its personality. The process of the person’s spiritual needs formation is studied and their role in the process of personal value orientations formation, personality formation and its self-realization are revealed. It is established that the basis of a self-actualized person value system is its philosophical attitude to life, harmony with oneself and one’s inner nature.

It is the national values defining the national idea that have a significant impact on individual moral development. The values orientations of a morally developed personality help it to assert itself as an active citizen of its country, to influence the historical course of events, to carry out new scientific research and discoveries, thus increasing the world importance of its state. After all, humanity has evolved from a man of skill to a man of thinking long ago, and if every person in the process of self-realization is actively involved in the development and improvement of the conditions for creativity in its state, it thus makes an invaluable contribution to the development and transformation of society around the world. But at the present stage of human development it is necessary to change the technocratic style of human thinking. Only a person of high morals can be responsible for its activities and determine the most appropriate ways and means to implement its intentions, ideas and goals, thus improving the conditions in which our society has to live today. Only a special hierarchy of values priorities can be the essence and foundation of a national idea. In the new Ukrainian society, a person should take the main place, and the state can and should establish all conditions to meet the higher needs of a person through the realization of its interests and through the manifestation of its personal position in this society.

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Published
2019-04-26
How to Cite
Yukhymenko, N. (2019). The spiritual needs as a factor of personal values orientations formation. HUMANITARIUM, 41(3), 199-208. Retrieved from https://humanitarium.com.ua/index.php/hum/article/view/474
Section
Philosophy