Activation of linguistic activity of persons with historical functional disorders
The article explains the instilling of the speech competencies in students with hearing impairment. One of the main problems of working out such a theory is the creating its basis; the starting point for the formulation of which is the definition of the concept of speech activation of students with auditory disabilities.
The directions and approaches formed in the doctrine of surdopedagogy have been reviewed and streamlined for activating the speech competencies of the deaf students taking into account both the work of the Zaporizhzhya Special Educational Boarding School «Dzherelo» and the highlighting of the scientific and methodological problem of an educational institution with the identical theme. A holistic view of how to understand this issue is developed. Articles provide materials presenting one’s own vision of optimal methodological framework for implementation speech competencies of hearing impaired children in educational activity.
The main idea of the article is the understanding the speech as the basis of the education and upbringing of the children with hearing disorder. The article describes the phases of working out the mentioned problem, presents ways of activating the speech process. The speech setting in school subjects is announced.
It is proved that in the modern period of education of deaf children, the main task was to study coherent speech and its pragmatic application in life situations. That is why the main idea of the article is an awareness that the speech is the basis of education and upbringing of hearing impaired children since a person exists in language, shows oneself in speech, and through active communication with other people paves the way to understand them.
The submissions are the summary of the pedagogical experience of the communal institution «Zaporizhzhya Special Educational Boarding School «Dzherelo» concerning the implementation of practices in the educational activity for solving the problem of speech competencies of students with auditory disabilities for further integration into the society.
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